Basic characteristics[ edit ] The nature of Romanticism may be approached from the primary importance of the free expression of the feelings of the artist. The importance the Romantics placed on emotion is summed up in the remark of the German painter Caspar David Friedrich"the artist's feeling is his law". Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others believed there were natural laws the imagination—at least of a good creative artist—would unconsciously follow through artistic inspiration if left alone.
The 18th century Publication of political literature The expiry of the Licensing Act in halted state censorship of the press. During the next 20 years there were to be 10 general elections.
These two factors combined to produce an enormous growth in the publication of political literature. Senior politicians, especially Robert Harleysaw the potential importance of the pamphleteer in wooing the support of a wavering electorate, and numberless hack writers produced copy for the presses.
Richer talents also played their part. Writers such as Defoe and Swift did not confine themselves to straightforward discursive techniques in their pamphleteering but experimented deftly with mock forms and invented personae to carry the attack home.
In doing so, both writers made sometimes mischievous use of the anonymity that was conventional at the time.
Anonymity was to be an important creative resource for Defoe in his novels and for Swift in his prose satires. Journalism The avalanche of political writing whetted the contemporary appetite for reading matter generally and, in the increasing sophistication of its ironic and fictional maneuvers, assisted in preparing the way for the astonishing growth in popularity of narrative fiction during the subsequent decades.
It also helped fuel the other great new genre of the 18th century: In a familiar, urbane style they tackled a great range of topics, from politics to fashion, from aesthetics to the development of commerce. They aligned themselves with those who wished to see a purification of manners after the laxity of the Restoration and wrote extensively, with descriptive and reformative intent, about social and family relations.
Their political allegiances were Whig, and in their creation of Sir Roger de Coverley they painted a wry portrait of the landed Tory squire as likable, possessed of good qualities, but feckless and anachronistic.
Contrariwise, they spoke admiringly of the positive and honourable virtues bred by a healthy, and expansionist, mercantile community.
The success with which Addison and Steele established the periodical essay as a prestigious form can be judged by the fact that they were to have more than imitators before the end of the century.
The awareness of their society and curiosity about the way it was developing, which they encouraged in their eager and diverse readership, left its mark on much subsequent writing.
Later in the century other periodical forms developed. One of its most prolific early contributors was the young Samuel Johnson.
The practice and the status of criticism were transformed in mid-century by the Monthly Review founded and the Critical Review founded The latter was edited by Tobias Smollett. From this period the influence of reviews began to shape literary output, and writers began to acknowledge their importance.
Major political writers Pope Alexander Pope contributed to The Spectator and moved for a time in Addisonian circles; but from about onward, his more-influential friendships were with Tory intellectuals.
His early verse shows a dazzling precocity, his An Essay on Criticism combining ambition of argument with great stylistic assurance and Windsor Forest achieving an ingenious, late-Stuart variation on the 17th-century mode of topographical poetry.
The mock-heroic The Rape of the Lock final version published in is an astonishing feat, marrying a rich range of literary allusiveness and a delicately ironic commentary upon the contemporary social world with a potent sense of suppressed energies threatening to break through the civilized veneer.
The Pursuit Of Dreams Essays: Over , The Pursuit Of Dreams Essays, The Pursuit Of Dreams Term Papers, The Pursuit Of Dreams Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much. Back to Front ————— November 7, The Pursuit of Happiness/The Clipperton Suite, pgs / Back to Marathe and Steeply debating first principles of the pursuit of happiness.
It explores with great virtuosity the powers of the heroic couplet a pair of five-stress rhyming lines. His Iliad secured his reputation and made him a considerable sum of money.
In this he was following a common Tory trend, epitomized most trenchantly by the writings of his friend, the politician Henry St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke. But his most probing and startling writing of these years comes in the four Moral Essays —35the series of Horatian imitations, and the final four-book version of The Dunciadin which he turns to anatomize with outstanding imaginative resource the moral anarchy and perversion of once-hallowed ideals he sees as typical of the commercial society in which he must perforce live.
Thomson, Prior, and Gay James Thomson also sided with the opposition to Walpole, but his poetry sustained a much more optimistic vision.
In The Seasons first published as a complete entity in but then massively revised and expanded untilThomson meditated upon and described with fascinated precision the phenomena of nature.French literature - From to Literature in the second half of the 19th century continued a natural expansion of trends already established in the first half.
Intellectuals and artists remained acutely aware of the same essential problems. They continued to use the language of universalism, addressing themselves to the nature of man, his relationship with the universe, the guarantees.
Literature: Benjamin Franklin Poor Richards Almanak b) allowed kids opportunities to develop, gain understanding and advance in the sciences/arts c)-Women were unable to share in the pursuit of arts and science because they were trained only for housework. Voltaire and the Pursuit of HappinessThis essay discusses what the pursuit of happiness might have meant to Voltaire.
IIntroductionAt least for Americans, the pursuit of happiness is an unalienable right granted to them in the Declaration of Independence. THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open.
We were too tired to talk much. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Slumdog Millionaire, directed by Danny Boyle, telling the story of Jamal Malik, a former street child, from the Juhu slum of Mumbai who appears on the Indian version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire and was one question away from winning 20 million rupees.
Jump to: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Click here for a list of Inactive Reviewers. A. Melissa Joy Adams received a BFA in Related Arts from.