May 4, at 7: In most cases men are superior to women.
The Iliad and The Odyssey have a curious habit of surprising us, taking us to places and thoughts we never imagined we would go.
These epic poems possess a relevance to both contemporary events and the timeless challenges of life that is often uncanny. If a blind poet named Homer never existed, then somebody in antiquity possessed a degree of human empathy that has never been surpassed - and rarely equaled.
Nicolson cautions against definite claims that Homer lived. It is better, he maintains to think of Homer as a poetic tradition rather than as an inspired individual. If there was a Homer, Nicolson reflects, then it was likely that he was "the man who joined, in the way of the poet, things that might otherwise have lived apart Nicolson's views demand respect.
His grasp of Homer is based upon profound insight and an impressive command of academic scholarship. But it is Nicolson's life as a seafarer and globe traveler that gives his voice a commanding authority.
Two current art exhibitions impart a visual context to Why Homer Matters, thus reinforcing the impact of this fine book. Likewise, the newly opened Homer and the Epics Gallery at Boston's Museum of Fine Arts brilliantly complements Nicolson's book by showing how the later Greeks came to depict the Homeric tales in Classical art.
In the opening pages of Why Homer Matters, Nicolson looks at an amazing work of art from antiquity that is the closest "portrait" of Homer that we are likely to ever have.
Pylos was the site of the palace of one of the Greek leaders in the Iliad, Nestor, and Blegen was not disappointed.
Blegen's team discovered the first examples of Linear B, the earliest form of Greek script, found in Europe, and the remains of a stunning painting, The Lyre Player, amid the wreckage of Nestor's palace. This image of a Bronze Age poet with a bird taking wing is one of the most extraordinary representations of poetic expression in the history of art.
As a symbol of the imagination in action, this scene, which decorated the throne room or megaron at Pylos, has few equals. Pylos was one of the great palace-states of Mycenaean Greece. The massive fortifications of these early Greek states collapsed before waves of attackers once identified as "Dorian" invaders.
The conquering hordes may actually have included insurgent peasants and slaves once held in subjection by the Mycenaean warlords.
These armor-clad nobles - Nestor, Agamemnon, Menelaus, Diomedes and the incomparable Achilles - were the protagonists of Homer's Iliad and other tales of the Trojan War which have not survived in written form.
According to tradition - which the Greek historian Thucydides accepted - the Mycenaean strongholds fell to assault eighty years after Troy was put to the sword. It was a well-deserved payback for the swaggering, blood-thirsty Greeks who had torched Troy. That scenario may be a little too neat.
Nicolson has an alternative theory that the Iliad may be traced to stories handed down from perhaps a thousand years earlier.
Instead of one war against Troy, Nicolson maintains that the Iliad recalls adventures of the Indo-European ancestors of the Greeks as they migrated over the vast steppe lands of southern Russia and the Ukraine on the journey to their eventual homeland.
Nicolson brilliantly probes the origins of words used by Homer and the ancient Greeks. Thalassa, the word for sea in the Iliad and the Odyssey, is not of Indo-European origin. It is a loan word, possibly from Minoan Crete, whose script, Linear A still has not been deciphered.
The Greeks took verbal control of thalassa as they gained political dominion over the Aegean Sea and surrounding territories. But even after they became master mariners, the Greeks often used words or phrases in seafaring that referred to horses and wandering over the land.
Poseidon, the god of the sea, was also the horse god who "climbed into his chariot and drove it across the waves. A number of assaults or raids on Troy, between to B. Troy, the northernmost outpost of the great belt of civilized cities extending from Babylon and Assyria, was an inviting target for the Achaeans.
But war begat war and the traditional date of Troy's fall, B. When Greek art revived, it was very different from the elegance and beauty of Mycenaean palace art.
The Lyre Player lay buried in the rubble of Pylos and a new artistic revolution was in the making. The Metropolitan Museum of Art displays several monumental terracotta vases or kraters, used to hold the ashes of fallen warriors.
These date to the 8th century B. The crude, if vigorous, Geometric style of these kraters raises the fundamental question of how Greek art was able in a few short centuries to evolve the polished Classical elegance on display further on in the Greek and Roman galleries at the Metropolitan Museum and in the Boston Museum's Homer and the Epics Gallery.
An answer may be found in the link between an amazing work in the Homer and the Epics Gallery and a rather inconspicuous piece on loan from the British Museum to the Assyria to Iberia exhibit at the Met. They are playing a board game, which were hugely popular in the Greek, Egyptian and Near-Eastern societies of the Bronze Age and later.
This stunning work, dated to B.The Odyssey By Homer Essay words - 7 pages One of the most famous works from the early Greek era is Homer's The Odyssey, an epic story that has been a significant piece of literature since it was first composed and will remain so for ages to come. The Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey "Homer's Odyssey is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role"(Pomeroy 22).
Throughout history, .
Oct 14, · Good vs Evil in the Odyssey by Homer? instead these principles lie latent in all of us and struggle for dominance. All men act upon both good and bad principles, and it is the dynamic tension between the two, the contesting polarities in our nature, that gives drama its Status: Resolved.
In Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, we see how each different woman is portrayed. From the roles of, the cunning seductress, and the faithful obedient wives. Women are the key to everyday life of men, children, and other women.
— Gwen Cooper, author of "Homer’s Odyssey: A Fearless Feline Tale, or How I Learned About Love and Life with a Blind Wonder Cat" Pre-order today click to open popover Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle grupobittia.com: Ken Phillips.
Homer's great epic, "The Odyssey" was written several thousands of years ago, a time in human history when men played the dominant role in society. The entire structure of civilization was organized and controlled by men; It was an accepted fact that women held an inferior position in society.