Alphabetical list of currently known Human Neurological Conditions including short definitions for each disorder. Neurological Disorders Main Document A neurological disorder is defined as any disorder of the body nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms.
The profession[ edit ] Speech-language pathologists SLPs provide a wide range of services, mainly on an individual basis, but also as support for individuals, families, support groups, and providing information for the general public.
SLPs work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults. Services are provided in the following areas: Research demonstrates voice therapy to be especially helpful with certain patient populations; individuals with Parkinson's Disease often develop voice issues as a result of their disease.
Speech, language, and swallowing disorders result from a variety of causes, such as a stroke,  brain injury,  hearing loss,  developmental delay,  a cleft palate,  cerebral palsy,  or emotional issues.
For example, the treatment for patients with cleft lip and palateoften requires multidisciplinary collaboration. Speech-language pathologists can be very beneficial to help resolve speech problems associated with cleft lip and palate.
Research has indicated that children who receive early language intervention are less likely to develop compensatory error patterns later in life, although speech therapy outcomes are usually better when surgical treatment is performed earlier.
Palliative care is another health care area that often involves multi-disciplinary collaboration involving speech-language pathologists.
La Trobe University Palliative Care Unit PCU  Melbourne, Australia has been a strong advocate for speech-language pathologists being included within both paediatric  and adult palliative care  multidisciplinary teams.
SLPs may also work as part of the support structure in the education system, working in both public and private schoolscollegesand universities. Education and training[ edit ] United States[ edit ] In the United States, speech-language pathology is a Master's entry-level professional degree field.
Programs that offer the M. All degrees must be from a university that holds regional accreditationbut only the master's degree is accredited by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association ASHA. All clinicians are required to complete clinical hours 25 observation hours often completed during the undergraduate degree and hours of graduate Clinical Practicum.
After all the above requirements have been met during the SLP's path to earning the graduate degree, SLPs must state licensure and national certification by: Successfully complete a clinical fellowship year CFY as a clinical fellow CF under the mentorship of a fully licensed mentor clinician.
The CFY is no less than 36 weeks of full-time experience, totaling a minimum of hours. States are responsible for licensure of clinicians and other professionals and, as far as the new SLP, these requirements are often similar to that of the CFY.
Following the state licensure procedures and national certification requirements are usually done simultaneously. Maintaining licensure through continuing education: Continuing education and training obligations: Educate, supervise, and mentor future SLPs. Educate and provide in-service training to families, caregivers, and other professionals.
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