The oldest child, Pierre, died soon after his birth on October 19, His sister, Jeanne, was probably born sometime the following year, while his surviving older brother, also named Pierre, was born on October 19, The Descartes clan was a bourgeois family composed of mostly doctors and some lawyers. Joachim Descartes fell into this latter category and spent most of his career as a member of the provincial parliament.
The largest study to date, Cook et al. While only 64 papers 0. A later analysis by Legates et al. The second part of Cook et al. Every major scientific organization disagrees with the list. This is misleading since only a very small minority of scientists have actually expressed a position on AGW from these organizations.
Policy statements release by a handful of council members or signed by just the president of a scientific organization can speak for no one other than these few scientists.
It is disingenuous to imply that the membership bodies in some cases hundreds of thousands of members of these scientific organizations which have never voted to approve such statements can be used in support of them.
Many members join scientific organizations for free access to organizational resources or discounts on journals and meetings. The list does not define low climate sensitivity.
The list does not present a scientific argument. The list is a bibliographic resource not a scientific argument. The purpose of the list is to show that peer-reviewed papers exist that support skeptic arguments and to be used as a bibliographic resource to locate these papers.
The list has been cherry picked. The list has been debunked, discredited or refuted. The list has never been debunked, discredited or refuted, as all known criticisms of this list have been rebutted.
The existence of a criticism does not make it true, as invalid criticisms of the list have been repeatedly shown to be based on lies, misinformation or strawman arguments.
In all cases, these long refuted criticisms are now years old and have no relation to the current revision of the list. Whenever a clarification or correction was made for a legitimate issue these have always been insignificant and they have never affected the list count or changed its purpose.
The list has broken links. Anyone with an elementary knowledge of the Internet knows that links can break at any time for various reasons. Unfortunately certain journals are apparently unable to hire competent web masters who know how to properly migrate URLs when reorganizing their websites - this problem is out of our control.
Regardless, the full citation is provided so there is no excuse about not being able to locate a paper using a search engine like Google. When this list was first created the DOI system was incredibly slow and unreliable but since that time performance and reliability has improved to a point that we feel comfortable using them.
The list has not been peer-reviewed. The list is a bibliographic resource not a scholarly paper, meta-analysis or systematic review. Bibliographic resources are not peer-reviewed but curated by an editor. They are used as aids in locating information, in this case peer-reviewed papers supporting skeptic arguments.
The list uses "weasel words". Qualifiers are not "weasel words", but an accepted method by the scientific community to express a level of confidence. Rejection of the use of qualifiers would mean rejection of the IPCC reports and the use of such terms as "consensus".
This is false, as the word "written" is specifically not used in the title. Correct definitions of these words to the actual context they are used here can be found in the " Definitions " section of the list.
While hundreds of the papers on the list were written by skepticsall of the papers are only claimed to have been or can be referenced to support a skeptic argument against Alarmism. All climate related papers not on the list endorse AGW. While there are thousands of climate related papers in the scholarly literature only a small percentage of them even mention "Anthropogenic Global Warming" AGW let alone explicitly endorse it.
Studies such as Cook et al. None of the papers on the list argue against AGW. There are various papers on the list that explicitly argue against AGW, such as: None of the papers on the list argue against consensus.
There are various papers on the list that explicitly argue against consensus, such as: SchulteLegates et al.grupobittia.com: Alas, Poor Darwin: Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology (): Hilary Rose, Steven Rose: Books.
This page argues the case against bullfighting in a new and distinctive way. Arguments For Animal Research While it is important to provide a full explanation of the reasons why animal research and testing is important for modern medicine, it can sometimes be useful to have a handful of short pro animal research one-liners on hand.
Is eating dairy of any kind unhealthy? Let's unpack ten common arguments against dairy consumption and see how the evidence stacks up. Arguments that cannabis is a gateway drug. The US Drug Enforcement Agency's " Marijuana Sourcebook" argues that recent research supports the gateway hypothesis that certain drugs (such as cannabis) act as gateways to use of 'harder' drugs such as heroin, either because of social contact or because of an increasing search for a better high.
This page serves as an index of all our scientific posts describing research which has used animal models. We have categorised them by species. Use the links below to jump to the section you want.
Also check out our Research Indexed by Disease. Amphibians and Reptiles Birds Cats Cattle Chimpanzees Dogs Ferrets Fish Fruit Flies Gerbils.